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Invention and the History of Photoshop.

Welcome to an in-depth exploration of the history and future of Adobe Photoshop. In this article, we will learn when was photoshop invented, and delve into the remarkable journey of this iconic software, tracing its origins from the early years of grayscale image display to its current status as the industry standard in raster graphics editing.

Join us as we uncover the pivotal moments, influential features, and the ever-evolving landscape of Photoshop. To understand the history and future of Adobe Photoshop we must learn about its humble beginnings in the hands of Thomas and John Knoll to the cutting-edge advancements in artificial intelligence and cloud-based collaboration, we embark on a captivating journey through the past, present, and future of Adobe Photoshop.

When was Photoshop invented?

When was Photoshop Invented? from Origin to a bright Future.
Source: https://fixthephoto.com/photoshop-history.html. A colored picture of Thomas Knoll and Jhon Knoll.

In 1988, Thomas Knoll, a Ph.D. student at the University of Michigan, embarked on developing a program called Display. It allowed grayscale image display on a monochrome screen. Recognizing its potential, John Knoll, an employee at Industrial Light & Magic, urged Thomas to expand the program into a comprehensive image editing software. The collaboration between the Knoll brothers led to the birth of a program initially named ImagePro.

The Rise of Photoshop.

After realizing the name was already in use, Thomas renamed the program Photoshop. In 1988, a short-term deal was struck with scanner manufacturer Barneyscan, leading to the distribution of approximately 200 copies of Photoshop bundled with slide scanners. This early exposure laid the foundation for what was to come.

The Evolution of Photoshop.

Following successful demonstrations to engineers at Apple and Adobe’s art director, Russell Brown, Adobe decided to acquire the distribution license in September 1988. While John continued to develop plug-ins in California, Thomas remained in Ann Arbor, tirelessly refining the code. On February 19, 1990, Photoshop 1.0 was officially released exclusively for the Macintosh platform.

How Photoshop Has Changed Over Time.

Since its inception, Photoshop has undergone significant transformations. With each new version, Adobe introduced groundbreaking features that revolutionized the field of raster graphics editing. From layer-based editing and masks to advanced color models like RGB and CMYK, Photoshop continually expanded its capabilities to meet the needs of graphic designers, photographers, and artists.

Trends and Predictions.

Over the years, Photoshop has become the industry standard in raster graphics editing. It has captured the imagination of professionals and enthusiasts alike, influencing artistic trends and shaping the visual landscape. The enduring popularity of Photoshop is a testament to its versatility and the ever-evolving trends within the creative community.

As technology continues to advance, Adobe Photoshop is expected to adapt and innovate. The future holds exciting possibilities, with anticipated developments in artificial intelligence, automation, and enhanced creative tools. The creative world eagerly awaits the next wave of Photoshop innovations that will empower artists to push the boundaries of their imagination.

Major Supported File Formats.

What is a PSD File?

A PSD (Photoshop Document) file is the default file format used by Photoshop. It stores images with comprehensive support for various imaging options. A PSD file can contain layers with masks, transparency, text, alpha channels, spot colors, clipping paths, and duotone settings. However, it has certain limitations in terms of dimensions and file size.


Layer Support: PSD files preserve the individual layers of an image, allowing for non-destructive editing and greater flexibility.

Masks and Transparency: PSD files retain masks and transparency settings, enabling precise control over image elements.

Text Preservation: Text layers in PSD files maintain editable text properties, facilitating easy modification of text content.

Color Management: PSD files support different color modes and color profiles for accurate color representation.

Compatibility: PSD files can be imported and exported with other Adobe applications like Illustrator, Premiere Pro, and After Effects.


Dimension Constraints: PSD files have a maximum height and width of 30,000 pixels, limiting the size of the image canvas.

File Size Limit: The file length of a PSD file is limited to two gigabytes, which may restrict extremely large projects.

Software Dependency: PSD files are primarily associated with Photoshop and may require specific software for optimal editing and viewing.

What is a PSB File?

A PSB (Photoshop Big) file is an extended version of the PSD file format. It is designed to handle large-scale projects with greater dimensions and file sizes. PSB files offer enhanced capabilities, surpassing the limitations of PSD files.


Extended Dimensions: PSB files allow for larger image dimensions, with a maximum height and width of 300,000 pixels.

Increased File Size: The file length limit of a PSB file expands to approximately 4 Exabytes, accommodating massive projects.

Compatibility: PSB files can still be imported and exported with other Adobe applications, ensuring seamless integration.


Limited Software Support: While Photoshop and some other Adobe applications can work with PSB files, not all software programs may fully support this format.

Less Common Usage: Due to its specific use case, PSB files are less prevalent compared to the widely used PSD files.

Testing Considerations: The dimension limit of 300,000 pixels in PSB files was chosen for testing convenience rather than being based on strict computational constraints.

The Future of Adobe Photoshop.

Artificial intelligence and machine learning.

Adobe is already using AI and machine learning in Photoshop to improve features such as image recognition, object selection, and content-aware fill. In the future, we can expect to see even more AI-powered features in Photoshop, such as the ability to automatically remove blemishes from photos or create realistic 3D models from 2D images.

Cloud-based collaboration.

Photoshop is already available as a cloud-based subscription service, and this trend is likely to continue in the future. Cloud-based Photoshop will make it easier for users to collaborate on projects and access Photoshop from anywhere.

Real-time collaboration.

Real-time collaboration is another trend that is likely to impact the future of Photoshop. This would allow multiple users to work on the same image at the same time, which would be a major productivity boost for creative teams.

New file formats.

As the capabilities of Photoshop continue to evolve, we can expect to see new file formats emerge that support these capabilities. For example, Adobe has already released the PSB file format, which can support images with larger dimensions and higher resolutions than the traditional PSD file format.

In conclusion, the industry standard for image editing, Adobe Photoshop, owes its rich history and promising future to tireless past efforts, ongoing innovation, and an unwavering commitment to empowering creatives. With advancements in AI, cloud-based collaboration, and new file formats, Photoshop continues to shape the future of visual expression. Get ready to inspire, transform, and redefine what’s possible with Adobe Photoshop.

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